Liberação artroscópica do nervo supraescapular: técnica cirúrgica e avaliação de casos clínicos
Use of the vascularized iliac-crest flap in musculoskeletal lesions
Bone loss was in the past treated by several methods, such as bone distraction and the use of non-vascularized or tissue-bank bone grafts. With the advent of modern microsurgical techniques, the vascularized bone flap has been used with good results; it resolves local nutritional problems, repairs soft tissue that is often damaged by severe trauma, and treats bone loss due to tumors, pseudarthroses, and osteomyelitis. This article reports the authors’ experience with the use of vascularized iliac-crest flaps to treat orthopedic pathologies in five patients with traumatic bone loss (<10 cm), three with osteomyelitis, and three with atrophic nonunion. In all cases, the same surgeon obtained a vascularized iliac-crest flap with a pedicle based on the deep iliac circumflex artery. All flaps consolidated within a mean period of 3 months. These findings demonstrate that the use of an iliac-crest flap is a treatment option in cases of bone loss, and that it is associated with good functional results and minimal donor-site morbidity.
KEYWORDS: Vascularized iliac-crest flap, orthopedic treatment, bone loss, osteomyelitis.