Professor Tarassenko gained the degrees of BA in Engineering Science in 1978, and DPhil in Medical Engineering in 1985, both from the University of Oxford. He has been the holder of the Chair in Electrical Engineering at Oxford University since October 1997. He is a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering (2000), and a Fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences (2013). He was made a CBE for services to engineering in 2012.
In 1996, he was awarded the IEE Mather Premium for his work on neural networks and he received a British Computer Society Medal in 1996 for his work on the analysis of sleep disorders. His research on jet engine health monitoring was awarded the Rolls-Royce Chairman's Award for Technical Innovation in 2001 and the Sir Henry Royce High Value Patent Award in 2008. His work on mobile phones for healthcare was awarded the E-health 2005 Innovation Award. He received the 2006 Silver Medal of the Royal Academy of Engineering for his contribution to British engineering and he won the Institute of Engineering & Technology IT Award, also in 2006.
Professor Tarassenko is the author of 150 journal papers, 160 conference papers, 3 books and 24 granted patents. He has been a founder director of four University spin-out companies, the latest Oxehealth in September 2012. He was the founder Director of the Oxford Institute of Biomedical Engineering in 2008 and the Director of the Oxford Centre of Excellence in Medical Engineering jointly funded by the Wellcome Trust and EPSRC from 2008 to 2013. He is a director of Oxford University Innovation and the current Head of the Department of Engineering Science (Dean of Engineering).