Carles Lalueza-Fox was born in the Gothic quarter of Barcelona, Spain, in 1965, the youngest of three brothers and one sister. He obtained his PhD in Biology at the University of Barcelona in 1995. Aftewards, he spent one year in Cambrige and another one in Oxford as a postdoctoral researcher, working always in paleogenetics. He also worked during a short period at the private genetic company deCODE Genetics, in Iceland. He belongs to the Spanish Research Council (CSIC) and is currently a researcher at the Institute of Evolutionary Biology in Barcelona. He is married and has two childs, and lives in Sabadell, a small town outside Barcelona. He has published many papers on paleogenetics, in high-impact scientific journals. Among his works there is the first complete extinct mitochondrial genome, the first complete extinct nuclear gene and the first functional paleogenetic study. He is best known for his works on Neandertals, and was involved in the Neandertal Genome Project, directed by Professor Svante Pääbo. He is currently working on genomics from prehistoric Europeans and has published the first Mesolithic genome at Nature (2014). Besides his research, he is interested in communicating science to society, and has published different popular science books on human evolution, human diversity and paleogenetics. He has been awarded with four prizes on scientific literature, including those of the Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology (FECYT) and the Catalan Foundation for Research (FCRI). He has also been awarded with the City of Barcelona prize for scientific research in 2007. He does mountaneering and, besides numerous routes in the Pyrenees and the Alps, he has ascended the Kilimanjaro (5,895 m) and the Aconcagua (6.962 m).