Born in Liverpool, England, in 1970. He studied pure & applied physics at the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST) and graduated in 1992. He received his Ph.D. in applied mathematics (theoretical fusion physics) in 1996 from the Mathematics Institute of Saint Andrews University, Scotland. He has 14 years postgraduate research experience in the fields of atmospheric physics, space physics, astrophysics, data mining and open science in the UK, Spain & Greece. He is currently a member of the European Geosciences Union and a Researcher at the University of Reading.