Rossana Melo is a Professor of Cell Biology and Principal Investigator at Federal University of Juiz de Fora (UFJF), Brazil. She earned her MSc and PhD degrees in Cell Biology from the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Brazil, and received postdoctoral training from Harvard Medical School, USA. Rossana Melo has been a Distinct Brazilian Researcher at the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico – CNPq (National Council for Scientific and Technological Development, Ministry of Science and Technology) and a visiting Scientist/Professor at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center/Harvard University since 2006. She also serves on a number of research committees and graduate programs, including the Molecular and Cellular Biology Program at Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), Cell Biology Program at UFMG and Ecology Program at UFJF. She is leader of the Cell Biology Research Group (UFJF/CNPq) and her areas of interest and expertise include cellular mechanisms involved in inflammation and infectious diseases, intracellular transport, cell secretion and advanced electron microscopic techniques.