Dr. Avron (Ron) Spiro received his PhD in Human Development and Family Studies in 1982 from The Pennsylvania State University. In 1986, he joined the VA Normative Aging Study at the Boston VA Outpatient Clinic. In 1998, the Massachusetts Veterans Epidemiology Research and Information Center (MAVERIC) incorporated the NAS. Since 1993, Dr. Spiro has also been a research scientist at the VA HSR&D Center for Health Quality, Outcomes, and Economic Research. Since 1987, Dr. Spiro has been Assistant, Associate (2001), and most recently (2011) Research Professor of Epidemiology at the Boston University School of Public Health, Associate Professor (2001) in the Department of Health Policy and Health Services Research at BU’s Goldman School of Dental Medicine, and Research Professor 92011) of Psychiatry at BU School of Medicine. In 2008, he received a Research Career Scientist (RCS) award from the VA Clinical Science R&D Service, and i n2013 became a VA Senior RCS.. .