Klaus Gärtner

ORCID iD
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4973-6724

Biography

I am interested in issues located in the intersection between Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind. Currently I am working on how to understand the privileged access to the phenomenal. It is often assumed that knowledge about our own minds is epistemically privileged, or in other words, that there is an asymmetry between self-knowledge and knowledge about the world. This intuition, however, is not harmless. I examine this issue, presupposing that not all mental states qualify as candidate for privileged self-knowledge. Contemporary philosophers assume that a great deal of our mental life may pass through without being noticed and other mental activities clearly involve a margin of error. A good example for the latter is memory. However, when studying the mystery of consciousness, we deeply rely on the intutions about 'privileged access'. It is therefore often assumed that current conscious experiences with their phenomenal properties are the most viable candidates for such kind of knowledge. I concentrate on the reasons for privileged access. In a first step, I focus on why the popular acquaintance approach is wrong, and in a second step, I try to give an alternative explanation based on the revelation thesis. Other research interests include the intersection between Self and Consciousness in general, and the difference between pre-reflexsive Self-Consciousness and reflexive Self-Consciousness in particular.
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