Vladimir Parpura, MD, PhD, MAE, holds both a medical degree, awarded from the University of Zagreb in Croatia in 1989, and a doctorate, received in Neuroscience and Zoology from Iowa State University in 1993. He has held faculty appointments at the Department of Zoology and Genetics, Iowa State University and the Department of Cell Biology and Neuroscience, University of California Riverside. He is presently a tenured Associate Professor in the Department of Neurobiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, U.S.A., as well as a tenured Professor in the Department of Biotechnology, University of Rijeka, Croatia. He has been elected as a Member of Academia Europaea (MAE) in 2012. His current research includes: i) studying the modulation of calcium-dependent glutamate release from astrocytes in health and disease; ii) assessing the role of the enteric glia in gut functions; iii) visualization of vesicular/receptor trafficking; iv) examination of the nature and energetics of interactions between exocytotic proteins using single molecule detection approaches; v) development of scaffolds and dispersible materials, most notably modified carbon nanotubes, which can be used in repair after brain injury, vi) development of biosensors (e.g. botulinum toxin and nanofabricated carbon-based detectors, and viii) bio-mimetic micro-robotics. It should be noted that the work done in these overlapping categories is highly interrelated. Parpura has been interfacing neuroscience with nanoscience/nanotechnology, synthetic biology and biomedical engineering.