João Pacheco de Oliveira is Full Professor on Anthropology at the Museu Nacional/UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). He is the author or editor of 14 books and the author of 121 articles and chapters on Brazilian Indians. He did prolonged fieldwork with Ticuna Indians of Amazonia, his doctoral thesis was published in 1988. His last book, called "The Birth of Brazil and other essays", received the ANPOCS award for best scientific work of the year (2017). He was former president of the Brazilian Association of Anthropology/ABA . He is presently developing research on Nation-Building, Anthropology of Colonialism as well as museums and ethnographic collections. At the Museu Nacional he is the curator of the ethnological collections. Along with indigenous leaders he founded Maguta: Center for Documentation and Research of Alto Solimões, headquartered in the small town of Benjamin Constant (Amazonas), that gave rise to Maguta Museum, the first indigenous museum in Brazil.