Having confidence that:
  • ORCID enables high-fidelity connections with other identifiers
  • You understand how to interpret information stored in an ORCID record

We work with the community to enable high-fidelity connections between individuals and their contributions. We have developed processes and tools for creating, managing, and interpreting ORCID Registry information.

Managing assertions

ORCID provides tools for you as a user, or any organizations you permit, to assert connections between your ORCID iD and your research activities and affiliations. We store and display metadata that indicate the source of the assertion (for example, yourself, a search and link wizard, or a funder). Only member organizations - all of whom have agreed to abide by our privacy policy in their interactions with users - may request permission from you to make these assertions, and they must use the ORCID APIs to do so.

In addition, we:

  • Support grouping of related information in an ORCID record. When there is information from different sources about the same paper, data set, or other research activity, ORCID will group the data based on shared identifiers.
  • Enable automatic updates. You may opt to allow automatic update of your ORCID record by organizations you trust.

Managing duplicates

We strive to ensure that you are consistently linked to the ORCID iD that you have established. To help prevent duplicate iDs from being created for you, we provide the following controls:

  • Only you can create an iD for you. We have found that the best way to prevent duplicates is to ensure that you know about any iD being created to represent you. So, we put you in control by establishing processes and policies for an iD only to be created by the individual that it represents.
  • Email addresses can only be associated with a single ORCID iD. If you try to link an email address that is already connected to an ORCID iD, you will receive an error with instructions on how to proceed. To help minimize the risk of duplicates, we encourage you to include all of your email addresses in your ORCID account. You can even include past ones! You may mark any or all of them private, but must indicate which one we may use to contact you with specific service messages (such as potential outages).
  • Alternate sign-ins. Duplicates sometimes happen because an individual loses access to his or her account. To help ensure that you never lose access to your account, we have enabled you to link your ORCID account to other accounts such as the one you use at your institution, or your Google or Facebook account.
  • Is this you? If we notice that you are creating a new iD that looks like it could be a duplicate, we’ll let you know by suggesting other accounts that might be yours. If one is, you will be directed to sign into your existing account. We’ll even help you retrieve your password if you can’t remember it.
  • When duplicates happen anyway. You may contact our Support Desk if you have inadvertently registered more than once. ORCID will never delete an identifier; rather, any duplicates are deprecated and will resolve to the primary record you designate.



Managing corrections

One of the core ORCID Trust principles is “Individual Control”; this means that your data is controlled by you. However, in limited circumstances, ORCID may proactively correct data in a record where system errors have resulted in invalid data. We will not correct incorrect data.

  • Invalid Data (may be corrected by ORCID) - This includes information that does not match data entry rules, or where a data standard has changed. For example modifications to:
    • Clean up null or empty fields.
    • Fix formatting issues in the data, such as changing carriage returns for new lines, replacing two spaces with one space, or trimming white space. Changing “ Example title ” to “Example title” would fall under this classification.
    • Address a change to a standard. For example, changing an identifier display that is no longer case sensitive.
  • Incorrect Data (will not be corrected by ORCID) - This includes information that may be intentionally or unintentionally factually incorrect, such as:
    • Spelling mistakes.
    • Incorrect or out-of-date identifiers.
    • Identifiers or URLs that should be resolving identifiers.

ORCID recognizes the importance of transparency, as a result all changes of invalid data will be publically accessible for viewing. We publish a list of all invalid data changes, updated when invalid data corrections are made.