Major publishers have committed to requiring ORCID iDs in the publishing process for their journals and invite other publishers to do the same.
In November, 2015, a group of publishers asked ORCID to help facilitate communications about their plans to require authors to use an ORCID iD, including hosting this open letter explaining their rationale, developing best practices for using iDs in publishing, and maintaining the signatory list. The publishers’ goal is to encourage others to join them in supporting the adoption of ORCID. Publishers signing this open letter are committing to requiring ORCID iDs during 2016 following specific implementation standards.
ORCID provides a digital name – or iD – that uniquely and persistently identifies researchers and contributors. By connecting this iD to different research activities and affiliations across multiple research information platforms, ORCID helps enable recognition and reduce reporting burdens for researchers. It also enhances the discovery process and lays the foundation for trust in a digital research environment. Crossref’s recently launched Auto-Update functionality – which (with researcher permission) updates an author’s ORCID record when the author uses their iD during the publishing process – further benefits researchers by alleviating the need to re-enter publication data in multiple systems. Importantly, it also provides an independent assertion of the connection between the author and their work.
With more than 3,000 journals already collecting ORCID iDs from corresponding authors, through all major manuscript submission systems, publishers are in a unique position to facilitate widespread adoption of ORCID. Indeed, researchers are most likely to encounter ORCID in publishing systems: about 75% of registrations occur because journals are asking authors to include their ORCID in new submissions. Researchers are also increasingly encountering ORCID in their university systems, and funders including the Wellcome Trust and EMBO have begun to require the use of ORCID in grant application systems.
In a recent survey of ~6,000 people (mostly researchers) carried out by ORCID, more than 70% said they would welcome compulsory use of ORCID iDs in publishing workflows. From January 2016, several publishers will be requiring the use of ORCID iDs by corresponding authors during the publication process and are inviting other publishers to do the same. This initiative will further speed the implementation of ORCID, support its use by researchers, and illustrate to the research community the benefits of a co-ordinated identifier-based approach to research information management.
There are implementation guidelines for publishers who wish to sign this letter. The following minimum standard of implementation ensures the collection of ORCID IDs is efficient, adheres to best practices, and reduces the burden on researchers:
This is a living document; if you are a publisher and have plans to require ORCID, please use this webform to be added as a signatory.
We, the following journals and publishers, starting in 2016 shall be requiring ORCID iDs for authors, according to the best practices laid out above. We encourage other publishers to join us in this initiative. We hope that our action inspires the community, including researchers, research funders, and research institutions, to join us in adopting ORCID and making it easy for researchers to connect their iD to their contributions and affiliations.
|Journal or Publisher||Sign Date||Effective Date of Requirement||Signatory|
|The Royal Society||1 January 2016||1 January 2016||
|PLOS||1 January 2016||
Chief Executive Officer
|eLife||1 January 2016||7 January 2016||
|EMBO Press||1 January 2016||24 February 2016||
Head of Scientific Publications
|American Geophysical Union||1 January 2016||1 March 2016||
|IEEE||1 January 2016||11 July 2016||
Director & Vice President, Publication Services and Products
|Hindawi||1 January 2016||1 July 2016||
Chief Executive Officer
|Science journals||1 January 2016||11 March 2016||
|ScienceOpen||7 January 2016||May 2014||
Chief Executive Officer
|Frontiers||7 January 2016||
Chief Executive Officer and Co-Founder
|JMIR Publications||8 January 2016||2014||
Editor & Publisher
|Grupo Comunicar Ediciones||8 January 2016||
|Military Technical Courier||8 January 2016||
|The Company of Biologists||14 January 2016||
|IDEA (Instituto de Estudios Avanzados) de la Universidad de Santiago de Chile (USACH)||18 January 2016||
Manuel Loyola Tapia
|Faculty of 1000||15 February 2016||
|Japan Epidemiological Association||14 April 2016||1 August 2016||
Prof. Hiroyasu Iso
|Rockefeller University Press||27 May 2016||
Director of Publishing Technologies
|The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery||25 July 2016||1 January 2017||
|Skyfox Publishing||19 October 2016||
Katharine de Bergman
|Wiley||27 November 2016||28 November 2016||
|Royal Society of Chemistry||28 November 2016||30 November 2016||
Director of Publishing
|American Chemical Society||28 November 2016||2 November 2016||
VP, Global Editorial & Author Services
|Wellcome Open Research||29 November 2016||16 November 2016||
Head, Digital Services
|INFORMS||1 December 2016||1 January 2017||
Director of Publications